The land of Roar, Song & trumpet-Jim Corbett is the oldest national park in India and was established in 1936 as Hailey National Park to protect the endangered Bengal tiger. It is located in Nainital district of Uttarakhand and was named after Jim Corbett who played a key role in its establishment. The park was the first to come under the Project Tiger initiative.
Jim Corbett National Park lies in two districts – Nainital and Pauri – in the hill state of Uttaranchal in northern India. It covers an area of 521 sq. km and together with the neighbouring Sonanadi Wildlife Sanctuary and Reserve Forest areas, forms the Jim Corbett Tiger Reserve over 1288 sq. km.
Its geographical location between the Himalayas and the terai, and the streams, rivers and ridges crisscrossing the terrain, present Corbett with a remarkable variety of landscapes. This vivid mosaic of habitats – wet and dry, plain and mountainous, gentle and rugged, forests and grasslands – supports numerous plant and animal species, representing Himalayan as well as plains kinds. The most famous of Corbett’s wild residents are the Bengal Tiger and the Asiatic Elephant, but with about 600 species of avifauna Jim Corbett is one of the richest bird regions of India.
The different habitat types of Corbett i.e. mountains, sal forests, chaurs, khair-sissoo forests, and rivers have their distinct assemblage of plants. More than 600 species of trees, shrubs, herbs, bamboos, grasses, climbers and ferns have been identified in the Park.
The most visible trees found in Corbett are sal, khair and sissoo. Many other species that contribute to the diversity, are found scattered throughout the park.
Jim Corbett National Park is currently the only national park in India which allows visitors to get a complete jungle experience by staying in FRH or forest rest houses located inside tiger reserve. One can choose to stay in these FRH deep inside the reserve or can stay outside on the banks of Kosi river and do day safaris in Bijrani & Jhirna zone.
Jim Corbett Quick Facts
Area: 1318 sq km including Sonanadi WLS
Latitude: 29.5486° N
Nearest town & Railway Station: Ramnagar
Nearest Airport: New Delhi
Corbett National Park is majorly divided in three zones for public wildlife sighting
JHIRNA Range remain open round the year.
BIJRANI Range from October 1st till June 30th each Year.
DHIKALA Range from November 15th to June 15th each year.
Corbett Landscape- Sitabani Forests. This Region is also open round the Year.
Choosing the Seasons
Winter (November – March): Days are clear and pleasant, Nights get cold. Early mornings can be foggy in December & January.Great time for bird-watching and Tiger sighting.
Summer (April to June): Hot days with pleasant nights. Ideal time for sighting animals, especially elephants and Tigers.