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The Dudhwa Tiger Reserve is a protected area in Uttar Pradesh that stretches mainly across the Lakhimpur Kheri and Bahraich districts and comprises the Dudhwa National Park( 600 sq km), Kishanpur Wildlife Sanctuary( 230 sq km) and Katarniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary( 400 sq km). It covers an area of 1,284.3 km2 (495.9 sq mi) and includes three large forest fragments amidst the matrix dominated by agriculture. In 1987, the Dudhwa National Park and the Kishanpur Wildlife Sanctuary were brought under the purview of the ‘Project Tiger’ as Dudhwa Tiger Reserve. The Katarniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary was added in the year 2000. It shares the north-eastern boundary with Nepal, which is defined to a large extent by the Mohana River. The protected area is home for Tigers, Leopards, Asiatic
Black Bears, Sloth Bears, Swamp Deers, Rhinoceros, Elephants, Cheetals, Hog Deers, Barking Deers, Sambars, WildPigs and around 400 bird species.
Latitude & Longitude:.
Area: 1284 sq km
Estimated Tiger count: 100+
Nearest Airport: Lucknow (Approx 208 km)
The park remains open from 15 November to 15 June every year and has the following timings :
Morning-7 a.m. to 11 a.m
Evening-3 p.m. to sunset (around 6 p.m.)
Morning-6 a.m. to 10 a.m.
Evening-5 p.m. to sunset (around 8 p.m.)
The Dudhwa National Park is a part of the Dudhwa Tiger Reserve and is located on the Indo-Nepal border in the Lakhimpur Kheri District. The park is home to crocodiles and many more wild life animals. In addition, it has around 400 bird species. One of the finest forestsin India, some of these trees are more than 150 years old and over 70 ft (21 m) tall. It represents one of the few remaining examples of a highly diverse and productive Terai eco-system, supporting a large number of endangered species.
Major attractions of Dudhwa are the Tiger, the One Horned Rhino, Wild Elephant and Swamp Deer. Billy Arjan Singh successfully hand-reared and reintroduced zoo-born tigers and leopards into the wilds of Dudhwa.In the mid 1980s, Indian Rhinoceros was reintroduced into Dudhwa from Assam and Nepal. The Park is a stronghold of the Barasingha (12 antlers deer) and around half of the world’s Barasinghas are present in the Park.Other animals to be seen here include Crocodile,Sambar Deer, Barking Deer, Spotted Deer, Hog Deer,Sloth Bear, Ratel, Jackal, Civets, Jungle Cat, Fishing Cat and Leopard. Hispid Hare, earlier thought to have become extinct, was rediscovered here in 1984.
The Kishanpur Wildlife Sanctuary is part of the Dudhwa Tiger Reserve. It is more grass land and less
dense than the heavily forested Dudhwa National Park, making it a favoured destination to see the Tiger. You could also see Sambar Deer, Barking Deer, Spotted Deer,Hog Deer, Sloth Bear and a variety of birds. One also has the opportunity to see other wild life species of the area in this Sanctuary.
The Katarniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary provides strategic connectivity between tiger habitats of Dudhwa and Kishanpur in India and the Bardia National Park in Nepal. Its fragile Terai eco-system comprises a mosaic of Sal and Teak forests, lush grasslands, numerous swamps and wetlands. One of the best places in the world for seeing the Gharial in its natural habitat is the Girwa River,where it is found with the mugger crocodile, as their favourite haunts are stagnant wetlands that dot the sanctuary. Side by side the serenely swimming gharial, the frolicking Ganges Dolphins can be seen. It is home to a number of endangered species including Tiger, Gangetic Dolphin, Swamp Deer, Hispid Hare, Bengal Florican, the White-backed and Long-billed Vultures.
Climate : Like most of northern India, Dudhwa has a humid sub-tropical type of climate. Summers (May and June) are hot with temperatures rising up to 40 °C . During winters (mid-October to mid-March)temperatures hover between 10 C and 30 °C . Monsoon starts in mid-July and lasts up to mid-
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