Big Cats of Ranthambore

Wish to know more about your favorite big cats of Ranthambore? Sharing brief on number of resident tigers, profile & identification marks of various individuals at Ranthambore.

How many tigers are currently there in Ranthambore?

One of the most frequently asked question on various forum. More tigers mean more chances of sighting after all.

Ranthambore Tiger Reserve currently has  11 females, 9 males & 16 cubs are sighted in areas open for tourism.

Sharing a chart on status of individual tigers sighted in tourism area at Ranthambore.

S.No Females in Park Present in Tourism Zone Active Males Present in Tourism Zone
1 T39 Yes T57 Yes
2 T60 Yes T91 Yes
3 T83 Partially T85 Yes
4 T84 Yes T86 Yes
5 T73 Yes T64 Yes
6 T19 Yes T34 Yes
7 T41 Yes T58 Yes
8 T8 Yes T62 Yes
9 T61 Yes T42 Yes
10 T59 Yes
11 T13 Yes

Count of cubs:

S.No Mother No of Cubs Male Female
1 T60 3 2 1
2 T61 2 1 1
3 T73* 2  1
4  T41**  2  1
5  T39  3  0  3
6  T8+  3  2  0
7  T19  3
8  T13 1+

*only 1 male cub sighted

**only 1 male cub sighted

+ 3 cubs born, 2 sighted now

How are tigers identified at Ranthambore?

All individuals have been assigned unique id numbers from T1 to T91 by forest department. While there is no particular order to assigning id’s, once allotted to an individual it is never reassigned. Apart from this tigers can also be identified on basis of stripe patterns.

Like no two human beings have same finger prints, each tiger would have some unique stripe pattern; some of these unique stripes found are used for identification purposes. Most of the forest officials, guides, drivers & wild lifers use these unique id marks to identify these tigers in combination with factors like area of sighting & gender.

There could be definitely multiple identification marks for a particular tiger, sharing some of these id marks which are more prominent & are generally used for identifying these individuals.

Machli II-aka T16

Machli Ranthambore

Machli Ranthambore

Erst while queen of Ranthambore. Aged 17 plus years, she is the oldest surviving tigress of Ranthambore & probably in the world. One of the most photographed tigress in entire world, she inherited her name from her mother Machli I or original Machli and more than 50% striped residents at Ranthambore & Sariska are descendents from her bloodline.

Born in monsoon of 1997, she was a dominant cub in litter of 3 females. By 1999 she had started hunting on her own & even took over part of her mother’s territory. Her first mating was with Bamboo Ram, a huge male around April 2000 & gave birth to first litter of two male cubs- named Broken Tale & Slant Ear. In April 2002 she again gave birth to a litter of three cubs but only two survived- named as Jhumru & Jhumri. Her third litter was born around March 2005 named as Bunty & Babli. Despite losing two of her canines in summer of 2005, she not successfully reared this litter but to everyone’s surprise gave birth to another litter of three females (her fourth) in monsoon of 2006.

History repeated itself when her own daughter from last litter T17 drove her out & she is now resident of Bhutkhurra-ama ghati -baba ki gufa area on zone IV & V. Her daughter from last litter T19 rules most of her area including the lakes.

Have highlighted two prominent markings on her face- mark just above the eye &  ‘fish gills’ or ‘fork’ like mark on her left cheek.

The erst while queen of Ranthambore died on 18.08.2016 due to natural reasons.

T6 aka Romeo

T6 RanthamboreA dominant male tiger of zone IV, his current territory includes Aadi Dagar-Berda-Semli-Bakola, Anatpura areas of park. He is one among the three cubs born to T5 aka Kachida tigress fathered by T2 aka Big Daddy. He also happens to be the soul mate of T41 & is also the father of her female subadult cub. His siblings T8 (F) is resident female of Sawai Mansingh Sanctuary where as T7 is now settled in Sariska, locally known as ST6.

ID mark- Tree like mark on left eye & Y symbol on right hind leg. There is also variation in his body color..hind side lighter as compared to head & chest.

T25 or Dollar male.

T25 aka Dollar: RanthamboreAnother prominent but shy male tiger of Ranthambore. Identified through dollar’$’ like mark on his stomach (right side) also identified through word ‘AND’ kind of formation between both his eyes. This tiger’s territory extends from Gular kui-Tamba Khan- Kachida valley- Dhakda Area on zone IV & V.

First sighted in January 2006, T25 is one among the three cubs born to T22 after a successful mating with T20 (aka Jhumroo). He therefore is a direct descendant of Machli. Very less is known about his early years & was initially thought to be a female.

He has been in news recently for not only protecting cubs of deceased tigress T5 but also has been spotted regularly with them on various occasions,  breaking the popular myth of male tigers being solitary animals & playing no role in upbringing of cubs whatsoever.

T39aka Noor

T39 RanthamboreBeautiful tigress from Ranthambore National Park. Daughter of Sultanpur Chotti aka T13 she is sister of T38(M) who is famous for leaving park boundaries & settling in Kuno National Park, MP. She is currently raising her litter of two cubs fathered by T24.

Id marks are inverted trishul like mark above right eye & two prominent ‘Y’ formations on right hind leg. She currently roams in singhdwar-sultanpur-kala peela pani-khemcha kund- phootah bhanda-kishni ka deh-soleshwar areas of park situated across zone I,II & VI.

T28 aka Star Male

T28 Ranthambore


This handsome lad is currently resident male of lake area on zone III. His territory includes the entire lake area-Singh Dwar-Gular kui-Tamba Khan-Lakkad Dah-Mandoop- Lahpru- chinnali- Gaandra tiraha -gudha Nal Ghati-Telan Pacheri acorss zone II, III & IV and large chunk of non tourism area. First sighted on 01.01.08, he is a litter of T27- Gilai Sagar Female. Fathered the cubs of T19 from both litter.

Identified by a star ‘*’ like mark above his Left eye, this tiger at lot of times is confused with another male tiger T25 by most due to similar markings & overlapping territory.

T24 aka Ustaad

Another prominent tiger from Tourism zone, fathered by Jhumroo aka T20 this male currentlyT24 aka Ustaad dominates zone I, VI and II of park. Born to T22 along with T23 & T25, he was first sighted in January 2006. Probably the biggest male tiger of tourism zone, He happens to be the suspect behind killing of four people including two forest guard at Ranthambore . He is a gentleman otherwise to visitors of Ganesh temple who cross through his territory each day in large numbers on foot.He is currently in news for killing Rampal Saini a forest guard in May 2015.

Identification marks are-Tree like mark above right eye, alphabet ‘A’ or triangle like formation on left hind leg(circled in yellow) and Trishul kind of symbol on his right hind leg(circled in yellow).

He has been moved out of RTR on 16.05.15 to Sajjangarh Biological Park near Udaipur.

T19 aka Krishna

T19 Ranthambore


Female cub of Machli from her last litter & current queen of Ranthambore. She is currently raising her second litter of 3 cubs around the lake area at Ranthambore which she occupied from her sister T17. Before this she successfully reared another litter of 2 male & 1 female cub in Lahpur valley area of park which is closed for tourists. Her current territory is considered to be even bigger than some of the male tigers of park. Though her movement is now confined around three lakes but otherwise she controls a vast area across zones 2-5 plus a significant portion of non tourism area.Born in 2006, this 9 year old tigress is a skilled hunter as per observers & her success ratio is very high as compared to other females of tourism area. Both the litters have been fathered by star male aka T28.